The Kammer & Reinhardt doll company was founded in 1885 by the sculptor Ernst Kammer and the salesman Franz Reinhardt in Waltershausen, Thuringia, Germany. Kammer & Reinhardt designed their dolls body and bisque heads, but most of the heads were manufactured by the German company Simon & Halbig (which is why many dolls bare both companies mark on the dolls neck) as they did not have their own porcelain factory.

Kammer &
 Reinhardt doll
Kammer & Reinhardt also purchased bisque doll heads from the porcelain factories of Kling, Quendt & Schuetzmeister. In 1902 they purchased the Heinrich Handwerck doll company, when it's founder passed away. By 1920 they acquired the Simon & Halbig company as well.

From 1886 to 1909 kammer & Reinhardt made only dolly faced dolls with a bisque head on a composition ball jointed body or kid, many with an open mouth with teeth. After 1909 K&R made many types of German dolls, both bisque or composition heads and even cloth costume dolls with wired bodies dressed in various professions. However they are probably best known for their character baby and child dolls.

Other K&R dolls and markings

Other trademark doll names used by K & R are:

For more information and markings visit

Updated: 13 Dec. 2017

Kammer Reinhardt forum

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Comments (3)
Ingrid - August 20, 2019
Have a doll body marking on back K (star of david with
Hi Ingrid, I'm afraid your question didn't completely come through...
Lacy - June 6, 2019
I have a doll with k star of david with a j in the middle. The an r after the star. 114 and then its say says pouty en.
Maybe this page helps to find your doll.
Teri - December 24, 2018
I have a K and R boy doll. The markings on the back of his head say 117 and 76/86. The word Modine is also written there.